Muhlenberg County Health Department

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Muhlenberg County Health Department STD/HIV Information

The primary goal of the Kentucky Sexually Transmitted Disease/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Counseling and Testing (STD/HIVCT) program is to prevent the spread and resulting effects of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection.

The Muhlenberg County Health Department offer patients tests for gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis and provide treatment for patients diagnosed with, exposed to or suspected of having these diseases. Services received are confidential. A service fee may be charged. Patients with other STD infections will receive counseling about the infection and probably will be referred to a health care provider who can test for and treat these diseases.

Call 270-754-3200 for an appointment to be tested for HIV and to receive STD services.

What is HIV/AIDS?

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus, which is the virus that causes HIV infection. The abbreviation “HIV” can refer to the virus and or to HIV infection. 

HIV attacks and destroys the infection-fighting CD4 cells of the immune system. Loss of CD4 cells makes it difficult for the body to fight infections and certain cancers. Without treatment, HIV gradually destroys the immune system and advances to AIDS.

HIV is the virus that causes HIV infection. AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV infection.

HIV is spread through contact with the blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, or breast milk of a person infected with HIV. In the United States, HIV is spread mainly by having anal or vaginal sex or sharing drug injection equipment with a person infected with HIV.
The use of HIV medicines to treat HIV infection is called antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART involves taking a combination of HIV medicines (called an HIV regimen) every day. 

ART can’t cure HIV infection, but it can help people infected with HIV live longer, healthier lives. HIV medicines can also reduce the risk of transmission of HIV.

The Muhlenberg County Health Departments offers HIV counseling and testing. Patients can choose to be tested confidentially or anonymously. It is necessary to call for an appointment to be tested for HIV. Please call 270-754-3200.

What are STDs?

Sexually Transmitted Diseases are serious, sometimes painful illnesses that can cause damage to the human body. Initially, STDs infect your sexual and reproductive organs and later can destroy other organs. Other STDs such as HIV, hepatitis B and syphilis can cause general body infections.

Sometimes you can have an STD with no signs or symptoms. Other times, the symptoms go away on their own. Either way, you still will have the STD until you get treated. A few STDs cannot be cured, but most STDs can be cured if you get treated.

Get more information about STD testing from the Kentucky Cabinet for Health & Family Services and the Center for Disease Control. and the CDC offer a wide variety of prevention resources:

Who is at risk?
Safer Sex
Using Condoms
Substance Use/Abuse
Syringe Disinfection
Pregnancy and Childbirth
When One Partner is HIV+
Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)
Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)

Important Health Links

Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services
American Heart Association | Web MD
Centers for Disease Control | American Diabetes Association

105 Legion Dr. | Central City, KY 42330
(P) 270-754-3200 | (F) 270-754-5149

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