Muhlenberg County Health Department Tuberculosis Information
Tuberculosis is an airborne disease, which primarily affect the lungs but can also affect other organs.
People who are infected with TB are not contagious until their infection develops into active TB disease. The symptoms of tuberculosis include: Coughing up blood, chest pain, chills, fever, weakness, cough, difficulty breathing, weight loss, night sweats, abnormal chest x-ray, loss of appetite, and shortness of breath.
TB bacteria may be released into the air by TB-diseased persons when they sneeze, cough or speak.
How TB Spreads
The Muhlenberg County Health Department carries out TB control activities under the guidance of the Kentucky Tuberculosis Control program.
The three goals of this program are to:
- Ensure non-infected persons do not become infected
- Ensure that individuals who are infected but don’t have TB disease remain non-infectious.
- Render and maintain as non-infectious all persons with TB disease
Who Should Get Tested for TB
TB tests are generally not needed for people with a low risk of infection with TB bacteria.
Certain people should be tested for TB bacteria because they are more likely to get TB disease, including:
- People who have spent time with someone who has TB disease
- People with HIV infection or another medical problem that weakens the immune system
- People who have symptoms of TB disease (fever, night sweats, cough, and weight loss)
- People from a country where TB disease is common (most countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and Russia)
- People who live or work somewhere in the United States where TB disease is more common (homeless shelters, prison or jails, or nursing homes)
- People who use illegal drugs
- Healthcare workers, daycare workers and teachers
Get more information from the Center for Disease Control. View the CDC TB Fact Sheet in English and Espanol!